We know it can be a bit confusing with so many colors to choose from. Here is a guide on colors.
Orion is a good example of a black dog, Black can be a base for many other colors.
Chocolate color in dogs results when the otherwise black coat is modified by two recessive genes. The dog must have both genes in order for the chocolate coloring to manifest. Bear is the perfect example of a Chocolate Pomeranian. Without the chocolate gene, he would be a black dog.
Blue color in dogs, like chocolate, results from a dog possessing two copies of a different recessive gene which modifies their coat. The blue gene is also known as the dilute gene as it dilutes all coloring, whereas the chocolate gene specifically modifies the black coat only. The level of intensity in this dilution can vary. Sonya is a blue Pomeranian, though sometimes you can only tell by comparison to a black dog, such as Orion.
Cream coloring comes from two recessive genes. Both cream genes must be present to create these beautiful tan coats. If both cream genes are present, they override most other colors and patterns.
A Lavender Pomeranian results when a dog possesses both Chocolate genes as well as both dilute genes. So a Lavender is a Dilute Chocolate. It can be difficult to breed for the lavender color as the chocolate and dilute genes in the past have only been known by the color of the dog or their offspring. With the advent of genetic profiling, it becomes easier to identify which dogs have these genes. Even then, if one dog is chocolate with a single recessive dilute and another dog is dilute with a single recessive chocolate there is only a one in four chance of producing a lavender.
Other Colors We Don't Breed
Orange, Red, White
Sable can come in many colors. Orange, Red, Wolf, Cream, Blue (Fawn), and Chocolate,
Orange Sable is the most iconic coloring for a Pomeranian. If you see a Pomeranian in the movies, it is most likely an Orange Sable.
As a rule, when they are young, sables have a much darker coat. It lightens over time as they become adults.
The & Tan pattern is distinguished by the tan eyebrows, cheeks, paws, tush, and chest. Duke is a stunning example of large tan cheeks.
The color can be modified by the chocolate, dilute, merle, and/or parti genes. Marley is a Chocolate & Tan.
White with patches of other colors is known as Parti. It is a pattern that can accompany any other color. Galileo is an extreme example of Parti known as piebald as his coat is mostly white, with just a few patches of Chocolate Merle.
Lighter patches on an otherwise solid color is called a Merle pattern. It can accompany any other color, though some colors make it hard to see, such as whites, creams, oranges, and even some sables.
Sometimes the Merle pattern can affect eye color, causing blue eyes, which can create quite a stunning effect, such as in Skyler. It can take six weeks to be confident of blue eyes, which can continue to change for the first two years.
When & Tan is accompanied by the Parti pattern, it is called a Tri-color. It can come in many colors, such as black, blue, chocolate, and lavender
When the Merle pattern appears on a Sable, it can be difficult to detect. The only way we knew Panna was a Merle was from her puppies born of a father without the Merle pattern.
If two Merles mate, the result is often tragic. As such, we do our best to avoid breeding Merles with colors that hide their Merle patterns.
When a Merle pattern is accompanied by the Parti pattern, you get a Merle Parti. Galileo is a stunning example of extreme Parti (called piebald) with small patches of Chocolate Merle.
When we combine the Merle pattern, Parti pattern, AND the & Tan pattern, we get a Tri-Color Merle. These are often stunning and very beautiful, such as Apollo.